English
首页
[宏观经济学研讨会]Use it or lose it: Efficiency Gains from Wealth Taxation
发布日期:2018-11-13
【ECON20181217】
宏观经济学研讨会
(总第252期)
 

【时间】2018年11月14日(周三)12:15-13:45
【地点】明商0202教室
【主讲】周璇 中国人民大学经济学院助理教授
【主题】Use it or lose it: Efficiency Gains from Wealth Taxation(Fatih Guvenen et al., Meeting Papers from Society for Economic Dynamics, 2017)
【摘要】This paper studies the quantitative implications of wealth taxation (tax on the stock of wealth) as opposed to capital income taxation (tax on the income flow from capital) in an overlapping-generations incomplete-markets model with rate of return heterogeneity across individuals. With such heterogeneity, capital income and wealth taxes have opposite implications for efficiency and some key distributional outcomes. Under capital income taxation, entrepreneurs who are more productive, and therefore generate more income, pay higher taxes. Under wealth taxation, on the other hand, entrepreneurs who have similar wealth levels pay similar taxes regardless of their productivity, which expands the base and shifts the tax burden toward unproductive entrepreneurs. This reallocation increases aggregate productivity and output. In the simulated model calibrated to the US data, a revenue-neutral tax reform that replaces capital income tax with a wealth tax raises welfare by about 8% in consumption-equivalent terms. Moving on to optimal taxation, the optimal wealth tax is positive, yields even larger welfare gains than the tax reform, and is preferable to optimal capital income taxes. Interestingly, optimal wealth taxes result in more even consumption and leisure distributions (despite the wealth distribution becoming more dispersed), which is the opposite of what optimal capital income taxes imply. Consequently, wealth taxes can yield both efficiency and distributional gains.
【主持】陈彦斌 教授

    人大宏观经济学研讨会(Macro Workshop)旨在追踪宏观经济学国际最新进展,倡导构建符合国情的动态优化模型,并使用计算机模拟研究经济增长、收入分配和宏观政策等中国宏观经济重大问题。
联系人:王兆瑞    Email:Macro_Workshop@163.com
资料下载:www.docin.com/mydoc-88265459-1.html
更多讲座信息请访问:econ.ruc.edu.cn,www.yanjiuyuan.com.cn。

中国人民大学经济学院
中国经济改革与发展研究院
人大经济论坛 rdjjlt.org 人大经济论坛 bbs.econ.ruc.edu.cn