English
首页
[劳动经济学研讨会]Psychological Incentives, Financial Incentives, and Risk Attitudes in Tournaments: An Artefactual Field Experiment
发布日期:2018-06-05
劳动经济学研讨会
(总第51期)

【时间】2018年6月8日(周五)12:00-13:30
【地点】明德主楼729会议室
【主题】Psychological Incentives, Financial Incentives, and Risk Attitudes in Tournaments: An Artefactual Field Experiment
【主讲】方涛(纽芬兰纪念大学Stephen Jarislowsky讲席教授)
【Abstract】Tournaments are widely used to assign bonuses and determine promotions because of the link between relative performance and rewards. However, performing relatively well (poorly) may also yield psychological benefits (pain). This may also stimulate effort. Through a real-effort artefactual field experiment with factory workers and university students as a comparison group in China, we examine how both psychological and financial incentives, together with attitudes toward risk, may influence motivation and performance. We provided performance-ranking information both privately and publicly, with and without rank-based financial incentives. Our results show that performance-ranking information had a significant motivational effect on average performance for students, but not for workers. Adding financial incentives based on rank provided little evidence of further improvement. Much of the difference between workers and students can be explained by differences in attitudes toward risk. Indeed, for both groups financial and psychological incentive effects are both inversely related to individual levels of risk aversion, and is positive and significant both for workers and for students who are sufficiently risk-tolerant.

主讲人简介:方涛教授在多伦多大学取得劳资关系和人力资源管理专业博士学位,现任纽芬兰纪念大学Stephen Jarislowsky讲席教授,加拿大多伦多大学兼职教授, 美国新泽西大学J.RobertBeyster研究员, 世界银行“移民与发展”专家咨询委员会专家。他曾担任美国哈佛大学访问教授,沃顿商学院访问教授, 澳大利亚莫纳什大学兼职教授和国际商务硕士专业主任,约克大学人力资源管理与劳资关系终身教授。他是中国留美经济学会前任会长。同时他还是多伦多大学、香港城市大学、澳门大学、清华大学、复旦大学、西南财经大学以及中国地质大学的客座教授。2010 年,他入选湖北省“楚天学者”。2017 年入选四川省“千人计划”。2017 年,他当选为英国皇家艺术协会会士(FRSA, Fellow, Royal Society of Arts)。方涛教授在《战略管理杂志》、《加拿大经济杂志》、《中国经济评论》、《亚洲经济杂志》、《工业与劳动关系评论》(康奈尔)、《劳资关系》(伯克利)、《世界商务杂志》、《国际人力资源管理杂志》、《加拿大公共政策》、英国《劳资关系杂志》(伦敦经济学院)、《劳动研究》、《IZA 劳动政策杂志》、《IZA 劳动世界》、《国际人力杂志》、《管理史杂志》、《社会指标研究》以及《透视劳工及收入》等刊物均有发表。方涛博士在加拿大获得了社会人文科学委员会颁发的12 项研究奖项和由加拿大人力资源与技能开发部授予的5 项研究拨款, 总数四百万加元。2015 年获聘纽芬兰纪念大学Stephen Jarislowsky讲席教授,他接受了由Stephen Jarislowsky基金会和纽芬兰省政府及私人两百万加元的捐赠。

人大经济论坛 rdjjlt.org 人大经济论坛 bbs.econ.ruc.edu.cn