[产业经济学研讨会]Fashion and Homophily
【时间】2017年12月20日(周三)   12:00-13:30
【主讲】曹志刚  北京交通大学经济管理学院教授
【主题】Fashion and Homophily
【点评】杨继东   中国人民大学经济学院副教授
【摘要】We analyze the evolution of fashion based on a network game model. Each agent in this model is either a conformist or a rebel. A conformist prefers to take the action most common among her neighboring agents, whereas a rebel prefers the opposite. When there is only one type of agent, the model possesses an exact potential function, implying that fashion cycles are unlikely to emerge in a homogeneous population. The homophily index, a measure of segregation in networks with multiple types of nodes, is shown to play a key role in the emergence of fashion cycles. Our main finding is that a lower homophily index, in general, promotes the emergence of fashion cycles. We establish this result through a potential analysis, a partial potential analysis, and a stability analysis of a system of ordinary differential equations that is approximated from a stochastic best response dynamic. Numerical simulations based on a variety of networks confirm that the approximate analysis is reliable.

【主讲人介绍】曹志刚:北京交通大学经济管理学院,任“卓越百人计划”教授(第四层次)。主要研究兴趣为博弈论及其应用,包括网络博弈和算法博弈论等。在相关领域主流刊物发表论文20余篇,包括Games and Economic Behavior、Social Choice and Welfare 和Theoretical Computer Science等期刊以及Economics & Computation等会议。

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