[劳动经济学研讨会]Out-migration from China’s Rust Belt

【主题】Out-migration from China’s Rust Belt
【Abstract】The three provinces in the northeast, namely Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning, played a distinctively important role in China’s industrialization, and they used to be magnets that had attracted large amounts of migrants from other provinces. In recent decades, however, their economies performed relatively poorly, and they have been losing population, which seems to be deteriorating in more recent years. Using the large scale micro data sets, we show that: (1) The migrants from the northeastern China are more likely to have non-agricultural Hukou, which is unique as migrants from other regions are dominated by rural migrants; They are not only more educated than the non-migrants of their origin provinces but also more educated than migrants from other regions. (2) Over 50% of the migrants from the northeast concentrated in bordering provinces, and the rest are mainly located in economically developed regions (Guangdong and Shanghai) and Shandong province, the latter being the largest source province of the population growth in the northeast in the early 20th century. (3) Migrants leaving the northeast earn significantly higher than those who moved within that area, who in turn earn significantly higher than non-movers. Those who migrate the longest distance earn the highest. (4) While wage levels in the northeast were lower than those in other regions, migrants from the northeast earn significantly higher than migrants from other regions, conditional on observable characteristics. (5) Regions with higher wage levels tend to have higher percentage of the migrant population.

主讲人简介:邢春冰,经济学博士,2006年毕业于北京大学光华管理学院。现为北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院教授,博士生导师,德国劳动经济学研究所(IZA)研究员。主要研究领域是中国的城乡移民、工资结构、人力资本。在Journal of Banking and Finance、International Labour Review、Journal of Housing Economics、China Economic Review、Economics of Transition、《经济研究》、《管理世界》、《经济学季刊》等国内外期刊发表论文40余篇。
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