[劳动经济学研讨会]Gender, Only Child, or Childbearing Expectation: A Correspondence Study with Policy Change on Labor Market Discrimination in China
【主题】Gender, Only Child, or Childbearing Expectation: A Correspondence Study with Policy Change on Labor Market Discrimination in China
【Abstract】China’s 35-year implementation of the one-child policy has generated more than 150 million only children who have become an increasingly important source of labor force. By sending fictitious resumes to online job postings in various industries and job categories in three major cities, we investigate how the combination of gender and only-child status affects an applicant’s probability of receiving a callback for an interview. We further compare the impact difference before and after the one-child policy relaxation that allows two children nationwide. Our findings show that, before the policy change, the likelihood of receiving a callback is significantly lower for the only-child than for the sibling-child applicants, and this result is fully driven by females, while no difference is observed between only-child and sibling-child males. Policy change closes the gap in callback between sibling- and only-child females via increasing callback rate for only-child females, but has no significant impact on callback for the other types. Our results suggest that women, but not men, are negatively affected for the prospective child-bearing duties.
主讲人简介：何浩然，北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院副教授，瑞典哥德堡大学经济学博士。主要研究领域为行为与实验经济学、公共政策评估。近年来，已在国际期刊Experimental Economics、Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization、Journal of Economic Psychology、Economics Letters、Environment and Development Economics、Environment and Planning A、Journal of Forest Economics等和国内期刊《管理世界》、《经济学（季刊）》、《世界经济》等上发表多篇论文。